Research

Humans and Interfaces

What began as research into driver response has expanded over the years to a multidisciplinary research effort looking into physical and cognitive aspects of human performance in health, safety, and ergonomics. This multidisciplinary study enlists the expertise of researchers in the fields of human factors, ergonomics, cognitive science, kinesiology, physiology, biomedical engineering, virtual environments, and digital human modeling. CAVS boasts a wide array of research areas such as:

Human Factors Research Brochure

Dr. Daniel Carruth's Body Armor Project was recently highlighted in MSU's Our State video series. The Human Factors Group enlists the expertise of researchers in the fields of human factors, ergonomics, cognitive science, kinesiology, physiology, biomedical engineering, virtual environments, and digital human modeling.
With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Dr. J. Edward Swan and his team at MSU are working to improve depth perception in the augmented reality environment. This video produced by the NSF explains Dr. Swan's research and how augmented reality is used to superimpose computer-generated virtual objects on our view of the real world. View the NSF online magazine.

Materials and Mechanics

Materials and Mechanics at CAVS combine research from university, government, and professional agencies to develop cutting-edge technology for the processing of engineering materials.  The area’s niche is based upon a multi-scale method that combines theory, simulation, and experimentation to provide material life cycle assessments.  In accomplishing this multi-scale method CAVS hosts a variety of academic areas including mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, civil engineering, computational engineering, mathematics, physics, education, and agriculture and biological engineering.  Focus areas include:

Engineering Mechanics & Materials Science Brochure
Computational Engineering and Science in Mechanics Brochure
Spotlight: Massively Parallel Simulation of Dendritic Solidification

CAVS is featured on "Mississippi Works" from the Mississippi Development Authority. CAVS supports Mississippi’s automotive manufacturers and other industries through the application of engineering technologies and "best practices" as delivered through on-site projects and training.

Capabilities of the Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems (CAVS) and the Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) were joined in a recent collaboration on modeling of large particle assemblies in fluid. The ultimate goal of the DEM-LBM coupled model is to provide insight on the solid-fluid interactions occurring at the nano-scale. Visit the project page.

Modeling and Simulation

With a rich experience in solids and fluids mechanics, CAVS serves Mississippi State University, government agencies, and industry through the development of advanced computational engineering tools. Computational engineering accelerates materials (metals, ceramics, polymers, biomaterials, and geomaterials) in design and manufacturing applications by employing multiscale material modeling methods. This research generates critical knowledge on material behavior capabilities and complex industrial performance problems. This reduces the time and cost often required in complex field simulation while increasing fidelity and scope for practical engineering analysis and design problems. Researchers have conducted modeling and simulations for the design and analysis of vehicles, submarines, surface ships, aircraft, military launch vehicles, tactical missiles, turbomachinery, blood pumps, and more. CAVS research in Modeling and Simulation include:

Computational Fluid Dynamics Brochure
Aerospace Research Brochure

Power and Energy

One of the greatest concerns for modern times is the topic of environmental sustainability.  At CAVS, researchers continue to develop leading edge technologies that improve mobility, reliability, and safety, while paving the way for higher fuel efficiency and reducing the carbon footprint for future vehicle generations.  To achieve this goal CAVS utilizes their state-of-the-art facilities to advance research of engine technologies, duel fuel utilization, hybrid vehicle components, and biofuels. The specific research areas include:

Advanced Vehicle Systems Brochure
The “Car of the Future” is featured on the MSU Our State video series. The story highlights Mississippi State’s capabilities in developing technical advancements that enhance vehicle technology. Zach Roland, deputy director of MSU’s Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems describes the work faculty members, alumni and students are doing to have the hybrid vehicle operating by the winter season.