Numerical Investigation of Multi-Staged Tesla Valves
Thompson, S.M., Paudel, B. J., Jamal, T., & Walters, K. (2014). Numerical Investigation of Multi-Staged Tesla Valves. Journal of Fluids Engineering. ASME. 136(8), 081102. DOI:10.1115/1.4026620.
The Tesla valve is a passive-type check valve used for flow control in micro- or mini-channel systems for a variety of applications. Although the design and effectiveness of a singular Tesla valve is somewhat well understood, the effects of using multiple, identically-shaped Tesla valves in -series— – forming a multi-staged Tesla valve (MSTV)— – has not been well-documented in the open literature. Therefore, using high-performance computing (HPC) and three-dimensional (3D) Computational computational Fluid fluid Dynamics dynamics (CFD), the effectiveness of a MSTV using Tesla valves with pre-optimized designs was quantified in terms of diodicity for laminar flow conditions. The number of Tesla valves/stages (up to 20), valve-to-valve distance (up to 3.375 hydraulic diameters) and Reynolds number (up to 200) was varied to determine their effect on MSTV diodicity. Results clearly indicate that the MSTV provides for a significantly higher diodicity than a single Tesla valve and that this difference increases with Reynolds number. Minimizing the distance between adjacent Tesla valves can significantly increase the MSTV diodicity, however, for very low Reynolds number (Re < 50), the MSTV diodicity is almost independent of valve-to-valve distance and number of valves used. In general, more Tesla valves are required to maximize the MSTV diodicity as the Reynolds number increases. Using data fitting procedures, a correlation for predicting the MSTV diodicity was developed and shown to be in a power-law form. It is further concluded that 3D CFD more accurately simulates the flow within the Tesla valve over a wider range of Reynolds numbers than 2D simulations which are more commonly reported in the literature. This is supported by demonstrating secondary flow patterns in the Tesla valve outlet which become stronger as Reynolds number increases. Plots of the pressure and velocity fields in various MSTVs are provided to fully document the complex physics of the flow field.