By integrating engineering ideals with influences from areas like psychology, sociology and kinesiology, CAVS has developed a wide range of capabilities to support active research in areas of athlete engineering and human factors engineering. CAVS’ Human Factors group explores human-machine interactions, including those between autonomous vehicles, pedestrians and passengers. Using a variety of research tools such as virtual reality, augmented reality and a full-function driving simulator, the Human Factors research team explores the impacts of connected and autonomous technology on both the usability and safety of vehicles and systems.
The CAVS Human Performance Laboratory is equipped with a 12-camera Vicon passive marker-based motion capture system with integrated Noraxon wireless electromyography (EMG), Innovative Sports Training’s Motion Monitor xGen motion analysis software, and Dual Kistler force plates. With this equipment we can collect kinetic, kinematic, and physiological data using gold standard technologies. Current research using these tools include validation of novel technologies such as stretch sensor-based socks for measuring gait, compression shorts for tracking muscle activity, and flexible barbells for strength training.
Originally a Nissan test vehicle, CAVS’ driving simulator was built from a Nissan Maxima frame. After removing the drivetrain and suspension systems, the vehicle was mounted on a 6-degree of freedom motion base, designed to provide a realistic driving feel for the operator. Contributing to the realistic driving element are four large projection screens surround the front and rear of the vehicle and screens in the side mirrors that reflect the simulated on-screen environment. The interior of the vehicle houses eye tracking technology for data collection. Combining these technologies allows CAVS researchers to study the effects of vehicle, roadway and communication systems on driver performance in a safe, simulated environment.
The CAVS Human Performance Laboratory is equipped with two HTC Vive headsets, one wireless HTC Vive Pro headset, three Oculus Rift headsets, and one Oculus Quest headset. With a VR headset, we’re able to emerge a test subject into a situation and evaluate how they react to their environment, while alleviating limiting factors like risk of potential injury, time associated with experiment replication and additional costs. Current CAVS research areas involving virtual reality include data visualization and studies on to pedestrian reactions to autonomous vehicles.
CAVS is equipped with two Microsoft HoloLens headsets and two Magic Leap One Creator Edition headsets for augmented reality research. The technology allows researchers to overly digital imagery and data into existing reality. Ongoing research includes using augmented reality in education and workplace training, as well as how to increase augmented reality compatibilities with the natural eye.