Steel Research and Related Publications

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Blaine, D., & German, R. (2007). Sintering Simulation of PIM Stainless Steel. In C. Lall (Ed.), The Science of Stainless Steels produced by Powder Metallurgy and Metal Injection Molding. 333-344.

Lei, G., German, R., & Nayar, H. S. (). Corrosion Control in Sintered Austenitic Stainless Steels. In H. Sanderow (Ed.), High Temperature Sintering. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 55-74.

German, R. (). The Critical Role of Titanium in Hot Isostatically Pressed Maraging Steels. In H. H. Hausner, H. W. Antes, and G. D. Smith (Eds.), Modern Developments in Powder Metallurgy. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 13, 325.

German, R. (). A Compositional Model for the Stability of Austenitic Stainless Steels. In E. W. Collings and H. W. King (Eds.), The Metal Science of Stainless Steels. Warrendale, PA: The Metallurgical Society. 41.

Lei, G. H., & German, R. (). Corrosion of Sintered Stainless Steels in a Sodium Chloride Solution. In E. N. Aqua and C. I. Whitman (Eds.), Modern Developments in Powder Metallurgy. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 16, 261-275.

Hammi, Y., Francis, D.K., Stone, T.W., Sullivan, K., Wilbanks, J., Zelinka, R., & Horstemeyer, M. (2018). Chapter 7: Microstructure Sensitive, History Dependent Internal State Variable Plasticity-Damage Model for a Sequential Tubing Process. In M.F. Horstemeyer (Ed.), Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Metals: Concepts and Case Studies. John Wiley & Sons. 199-234.

Hammi, Y., Stone, T.W., Doude, H., Allison, P., & Horstemeyer, M. (2018). Chapter 6: Steel Powder Metal Modeling. In M.F. Horstemeyer (Ed.), Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Metals: Concepts and Case Studies. John Wiley & Sons. 137-.

Junaid, O. R., Stone, T.W., & Alexander, J. H. (2018). Experimental Characterization of Milling, Compaction and Sintering of Nanocrystalline FC-0205 Copper Steep Powder. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering. Global Journals. 18(1), 1. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Yellakara, R. N., Kulkarni, N., Tripathy, J., Bader, A., Roach, J., Principe, J., Doude, H., & Rhee, H. (2017). Development of Dual Phase Steel Using Non-peritectic Carbon Chemistry for Thin-slab Continuours Casting Compact Strip Production (CSP) Steel Mill. Iron & Steel Technology. 14(10), 84-90.

Chen, H., Ji, Y., Zhang, C., Liu, W., Chen, H., Yang, Z., & Chen, L. (2017). Understanding Cementite Dissolution in Pearlitic Steels Subjected to Rolling-sliding Contact Loading: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study. Acta Materialia. 141, 193-205. [Document Site]

Mahmoudi, M., Elwany, A., Yadollahi, A., Thompson, S.M., Bian, L., & Shamsaei, N. (2017). Mechanical Properties and Microstructural Characterization of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Rapid Prototyping Journal. 23(2), 280-294.

Burcham, M. N., Escobar, R., Jr., Yenusah, C. O., Stone, T.W., Berry, G. N., Schemmel, A. L., Watson, B. M., & Verzywyvelt, C. U. (2017). Characterization and Failure of an Automotive Ball Joint. Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention. 17(2), 262-274. DOI:10.1007/s11668-017-0240-4. [Abstract]

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., Elwany, A., & Bian, L. (2017). Effects of Building Orientation and Heat Treatment on Fatigue Behavior of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. International Journal of Fatigue. 94, 218-234.

Hammi, Y., Stone, T.W., Paliwal, B., Allison, P. G., & Horstemeyer, M. (2016). Smooth Yield Surface Constitutive Modeling for Granular Materials. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 139(1), 011010. DOI:10.1115/1.4034987. [Abstract] [Document] [Document Site]

Yadollahi, A., Simsiriwong, J., Thompson, S.M., & Shamsaei, N. (2016). Data Demonstrating the Effects of Build Orientation and Heat Treatment on Fatigue Behavior of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Data in Brief. Elsevier. 7, 89-92. DOI:10.1016/j.dib.2016.02.013.

Kohar, C. P., Cherkaoui, M., El Kadiri, H., & Inal, K. A. (2016). Numerical Modeling of TRIP Steel in Axial Crashworthiness. International Journal of Plasticity. Elsevier. 84, 224–254.

Aslam, I., Li, B., Martens, R. L., Goodwin, J. R., Rhee, H., & Goodwin, F. (2016). Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of the Interfacial Structure of a Galvanized Dual-Phase Steel. Materials Characterization. 120, 63-68.

Yadollahi, A., Simsiriwong, J., Thompson, S.M., & Shamsaei, N. (2016). Data Demonstrating the Effects of Build Orientation and Heat Treatment on Fatigue Behavior of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Data in Brief. 7, 89.

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., Elwany, A., & Bian, L. (2016). Effects of Building Orientation and Heat Treatment on Fatigue Behavior of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. International Journal of Fatigue. Elsevier. 1, 1. DOI:10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2016.03.014.

Mahmoudi, M., Yadollahi, A., Elwany, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., & Bian, L. (2016). Mechanical Properties and Microstructural Characterization of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Rapid Prototyping. Emerald Light. 1, 1. DOI:10.1108/RPJ-12-2015-0192.

Yadollahi, A., Hammi, Y., Shamsaei, N., & Horstemeyer, M. (2016). Quantification of Tensile Damage Evolution in Additive Manufactured Austenitic Stainless Steels. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 657, 399–405.

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Hammi, Y., & Horstemeyer, M. (2016). Quantifying Tensile Damage Evolution in Additive Manufactured Austenitic Stainless Steels. Materials Science & Engineering A. Elsevier. 657, 399–405. DOI:10.1016/j.msea.2016.01.067.

Fuller, R., Shamsaei, N., & Simsiriwong, J. (2016). Fatigue Life Predictions for Irradiated Stainless Steels Considering Void Swellings Effects. Engineering Failure Analysis. Elsevier. 59, 79-98. DOI:10.1016/j.engfailanal.2015.11.022.

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., & Seely, D. W. (2015). Effects of Process Time Interval on the Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of Direct Laser Deposited 316L Stainless Steel. Materials Science and Engineering: A. Elsevier. 644, 171-183. DOI:10.1016/j.msea.2015.07.056. [Abstract]

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., & Seely, D. W. (2015). Effects of Process Time Interval and Heat Treatment on the Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of Direct Laser Deposited 316L Stainless Steel. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 644, 171–183.

Tari, V., Rollett, A. D., El Kadiri, H., Beladi, H., Oppedal, A. L., & King, R. (2015). The Effect of Deformation Twinning on Stress Localization in a Three Dimensional TWIP Steel Microstructure. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering. IOPscience. 23(4), 045010. DOI:10.1088/0965-0393/23/4/045010. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Shamsaei, N., & McKelvey, S. A. (2014). Multiaxial Life Predictions in Absence of Any Fatigue Properties. International Journal of Fatigue. Elsevier. 67, 62-72. DOI:10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2014.02.020. [Abstract]

Jordon, J. B., & Horstemeyer, M. (2014). Microstructure-sensitive Fatigue Modeling of AISI 4140 Steel. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology of the ASME. ASME. 136(2), 021004.

Whittington, W. R., Oppedal, A. L., Turnage, S., Hammi, Y., Rhee, H., Allison, P., Crane, C. K., & Horstemeyer, M. (2014). Capturing the Effect of Temperature, Strain Rate, and Stress State on the Plasticity and Fracture of Rolled Homogeneous Armor (RHA) Steel. Materials Science and Engineering: A. Elsevier. 594, 82-88. DOI:10.1016/j.msea.2013.11.018. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Shamsaei, N., & Fatemi, A. (2014). Small Fatigue Crack Growth under Multiaxial Stresses. International Journal of Fatigue. 58, 126-135. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Eshraghi, M., Tschopp, M. A., Zaeem, M. A., & Felicelli, S. D. (2013). Effect of Resistance Spot Welding Parameters on Weld Pool Properties in a DP600 Dual-phase Steel: A Parametric Study Using Thermomechanically-coupled Finite Element Analysis. Materials and Design. 56, 387-397. DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2013.11.026. [Document Site]

El-Giar, E. M., Asle Zaeem, M., El Kadiri, H., Florea, R. S., Rhee, H., Bienvenu, Y., Dahmen, M., Malot, T., & Cherkaoui, M. (2012). On Laser Welding of Thin Steel Sheets. Science and Technology of Welding and Joining. Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining. 17(7), 571-579. DOI:10.1179/1362171812Y.0000000050. [Abstract]

Talukdar, T. K., Wang, L., & Felicelli, S. D. (2012). Thermo-mechanical Modeling of Laser Deposited Bimetallic Components. Materials Performance and Characterization. ASTM-International. 1(1), 1-16. DOI:10.1520/MPC-2012-0009. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Horstemeyer, M., Hammi, Y., Allison, P. G., Brown, H. R., Tucker, M.T., & Hwang, Y. (2011). Microstructure-Property Relations of a Steel Powder Metal under Varying Temperatures, Strain Rates, and Stress States. Matls. Science Eng. A. 529(1), 335-344.

Allison, P. G., Horstemeyer, M., & Brown, H. (2011). Modulus Dependence on Large Scale Porosity of Powder Metallurgy Steel. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 1-4.

Acar, E., Hammi, Y., Allison, P., Stone, T.W., & Horstemeyer, M. (2010). Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis of Microstructure-Property Relations for Compacted Powder Metals. Powder Metallurgy. 53(2), 141-145. [Abstract]

Antonyraj, A., Park, S. J., & German, R. (2010). Viscoelastic Behavior of Porous Sintered Steel Compact. Powder Metallurgy. U.K.. 53(2), 107-111. [Document]

Xue, Y., Pascu, A., Horstemeyer, M., Wang, L., & Wang, P. (2010). Microporosity Effects on Cyclic Plasticity and Fatigue of LENS-Processed Steel. Acta Materialia. 58, 4029-4038. [Abstract]

El Kadiri, H., Wang, L., Horstemeyer, M., Shahbazian-Yassar, R., Berry, J., Felicelli, S. D., & Wang, P. (2008). Phase Transformations in Low-alloy Steel Laser Deposits. Materials Science and Engineering A. 494(1-2), 10-20. [Document]

Fuller, R. W., Ehrgott, J. Q., Heard, W. F., Robert, S. D., Stinson, R. D., Solanki, K.N., & Horstemeyer, M. (2008). Failure Analysis of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Shaft. Engineering Failure Analysis. 15, 835–846. [Abstract]

Wang, L., Felicelli, S. D., & Pratt, P. (2008). Residual Stresses in LENS-deposited AISI 410 Stainless Steel Plates. Materials Science and Engineering A . Elsevier. 496, 234-241. [Document]

Wang, L., & Felicelli, S. D. (2007). Process Modeling in Laser Deposition of Multilayer SS410 Steel. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering. 129(6), 1028-1034. [Abstract] [Document]

Wang, L., & Felicelli, S. D. (2006). Analysis of Thermal Phenomena in LENS(TM) Deposition. Materials Science and Engineering: A . 435, 625-631. [Abstract] [Document]

Wang, L., & Beckermann, C. (2006). Prediction of Reoxidation Inclusion Composition in Casting of Steel. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. 37, 571-588. [Abstract] [Document]

Suri, P., Smarslok, B. P., & German, R. (2006). Impact Properties of Sintered and Wrought 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Powder Metallurgy. 49(1), 40-47.

Suri, P., Koseski, R. P., & German, R. (2005). Microstructural Evolution of Injection Molded Gas- and Water-Atomized 316L Stainless Steel Powder During Sintering. Materials Science and Engineering. 341-348.

Kwon, Y. S., Wu, Y., Suri, P., & German, R. (2004). Simulation of the Sintering Densification and Shrinkage Behavior of Powder Injection Molded 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. 35, 257-263.

Herranz, G., Levenfled, B., Varez, A., Torralba, J. M., Piemme, J., Heaney, D., & German, R. (2003). Metal Injection Molding (MIM) of M2 High Speed Steel Using a Polyethylene Based Binder. Materials Science Forum. 426, 4361-4366.

Wu, W., German, R., Blaine, D., Marx, B., & Schlaefer, C. (2002). Effect of Residual Carbon Content on Sintering Shrinkage, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Journal of Materials Science. 37, 3573-3583.

Wu, Y., Blaine, D., Marx, B., Schlaefer, C., & German, R. (2002). Sintering Densification and Microstructural Evolution of Injection Molding Grade 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. 33, 2185-2194.

Toghiani, H., German, R., Cardamone, A., Potter, T., & Semel, F. J. (2001). Boron-Enhanced Sintering of Iron-Molybdenum Steels. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 37(5), 39-46.

Degoix, C. N., Griffo, A., & German, R. (2000). Lubricant Type and Amount Effects Providing High Mechanical Properties for a 2Cu-2Ni-0.9Mo-0.8C Steel. International Journal of Materials and Product Technology. 15, 427-444.

Degoix, C. N., Griffo, A., & German, R. (2000). Effects of Sintering Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of a Fe-2Cu-2Ni-0.9Mo-0.8C Steel. International Journal of Materials and Product Technology. 15, 409-426.

Weaver, T. J., Thomas, J. A., Atre, S. V., & German, R. (2000). Time Compression - Rapid Steel Tooling for an Ever-Changing World. Materials and Design. 21, 409-415.

Meyers, N. S., & German, R. (1999). Supersolidus Liquid Phase Sintering of Injection Molded M2 Tool Steel. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 35(6), 45-51.

German, R. (1999). Computer Model for the Sintering Densification of Injection Molded M2 Tool Steel. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 35(4), 57-67.

German, R. (). Thermal Processing Optimization of Injection Molded Stainless Steel Powders. Materials and Manufacturing Processes. 12, 713-735.

German, R. (). The Sintering of 304L Stainless Steel Powder. Metallurgical Transactions. 7, 1879.

Miura, H., Honda, T., & German, R. (). Development of High Performance Sintered Alloyed Steels by Metal Injection Molding Process. Bulletin of the Japan Institute of Metals. 32, 229-231.

German, R., & Kubish, D. (). Evaluation of Injection Molded 17-4 PH Stainless Steel Using Water Atomized Powder. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 29, 47-62.

Toennes, C., & German, R. (). Density and Microstructure Control in a Martensitic Stainless Steel Through Enhanced Sintering. Powder Metallurgy International. 24(3), 151-157.

Miura, H., Honda, T., & German, R. (). Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded 4600 Steels. Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy. 39, 254-259.

Zhang, H., & German, R. (). Homogenization and Microstructure Effects on the Properties of Injection Molded Fe-2Ni Steel. Metallurgical Transactions. 23, 377-381.

Miura, H., Honda, T., & German, R. (). Carbon Control of Injection Molded 4600 Steel. Journal of Japan Society of Powder Metallurgy. 38, 767-773.

Zhang, H., German, R., Hens, K. F., & Lee, D. (). Sintering Temperature and the Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Fe-2Ni Steel. Powder Metallurgy International. 22(6), 15-18.

Lei, G., German, R., & Nayar, H. S. (). Influence of Sintering Variables on the Corrosion Resistance of 316L Stainless Steel. Powder Metallurgy International. 15, 70.

Degoix, C. N., Griffo, A., & German, R. (). Effects of Sintering Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of A Fe-2Cu-2Ni-0.9Mo-0.8C Steel. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 34(6), 57-67.

Smugeresky, J. E., & German, R. (). The Effect of Titanium Supersaturation on the Ductility of a Rapidly-Solidified Powder-Processed Maraging Steel. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy and Powder Technology. 17, 305.

Tandon, R., & German, R. (). Sintering and Mechanical Properties of a Boron-Doped Austenitic Stainless Steel. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 34(1), 40-49.

German, R., & Smugeresky, J. E. (). Effect of Hot Isostatic Pressing Temperature on the Properties of Inert Gas Atomized Maraging Steel. Materials Science and Engineering. 36, 223.

German, R. (). Computer Simulation of the Sintering Densification of Prealloyed Tool Steel Powders. Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. 5, 379-390.

German, R., & Odegard, B. C. (). Thermally Induced Segregation in High-Manganese Stainless Steels. Materials Science and Engineering. 35, 299.

German, R. (). The Production of Stainless Steels by Injection Molding Water Atomized Prealloy Powders. Journal of Injection Molding Technology. 1, 171-180.

German, R. (). Grain Growth in Austenitic Stainless Steels. Metallography. 11, 235.

German, R. (). Densification of Prealloyed Tool Steel Powders: Sintering Model. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 33(6), 49-60.

German, R., & Smugeresky, J. E. (). Ductility in Hot Isostatically Pressed 250-Grade Maraging Steel. Metallurgical Transactions. 9, 405.

Tang, T., & Felicelli, S. D. (2013). Numerical Analysis of Thermo-mechanical Behavior during Laser Cladding Process. Proceedings of 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. San Diego, CA.

Sharma, S. M., Mishra, K., Rodriguez, O., Whittington, W. R., Allison, P. G., Shrikant, S. P., Gokhale, A. M., Arun, M., & Thadhani, N. N. (2017). Effects of Strain Rate on Mechanical Properties and Fracture Mechanisms in a Dual Phase Steel. Dynamic Behavior of Materials. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics: Springer. 1, 209-216. [Abstract]

Shrestha, R., Simsiriwong, J., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S., & Bian, L. (2016). Effect of Build Orientation on the Fatigue Behavior of Stainless Steel 316L Manufactured via a Laser-Powder Bed Fusion Process. 2016 International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium. Austin, TX.

Aslam, I., Li, B., Martens, R., Goodwin, J., Rhee, H., Horstemeyer, M., & Goodwin, F. (2016). Site-specific studies on the interfacial structures of galvanized dual phase steels. Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials. Wannendale, PA. 1, 183-192.

Shrestha, R., Simsiriwong, J., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., & Bian, L. (2016). Effect of Build Orientation on the Fatigue Behavior of Stainless Steel 316l Manufactured via a Laser-based Power Bed Fusion Process. Proceedings of the 2016 Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium. Austin, TX.

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., Elwany, A., Bian, L., & Mahmoudi, M. (2015). Fatigue Behavior of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. Solid Freeform Fabrication (SFF). Austin, TX.

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., Elwani, A., & Bian, L. (2015). Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. ASME/ IMECE. Houston, TX.

Masoomi, M., Thompson, S.M., Shamsaei, N., Bian, L., & Elwany, A. (2015). Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Validation of Heat Transfer During Selective Laser Melting. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition,. Houston, TX: ASME. IMECE2015-52165. [Abstract]

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., Elwany, A., & Bian, L. (2015). Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of Selective Laser Melted 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition. Houston, TX: ASME. IMECE2015-52362. [Abstract]

Masoomi, M., Thompson, S.M., Shamsaei, N., Elwany, A., & Bian, L. (2015). An Experimental-Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer during Selective Laser Melting. 2015 Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium - An Additive Manufacturing Conference. Austin, TX. 229. DOI:10.13140/RG.2.1.2325.0645. [Abstract]

Yadollahi, A., Elwany, A., Bian, L., Thompson, S.M., & Shamsaei, N. (2015). Fatigue Behavior of 17-4 PH Stainless Steel Fabricated Using Selective Laser Melting. 26th International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium - An Additive Manufacturing Conference. Austin, TX. 721. DOI:10.13140/RG.2.1.3996.2323.

Pegues, J. W., Lugo, M., & Shamsaei, N. (2015). Microstructure and Mean Stress Effects on Fatigue Behavior of Type 304L Stainless Steel. 15th International ASTM/ESIS Symposium on Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics. 40th National Symposium on Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics, Anaheim, CA: ASTM International. [Abstract]

Cho, H., Horstemeyer, M., Hammi, Y., & Francis, D.K. (2015). Finite Element Model for Plymouth Tub Processing Using Internal State Variables. Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME). Colorado Springs, CO: John Wiley & Sons. [Abstract]

Fuller, R. W., & Shamsaei, N. (2015). Fatigue Life Predictions for Irradiated Stainless Steels. 2015 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Orlando, FL: TMS. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Yadollahi, A., Shamsaei, N., Thompson, S.M., Bian, L., & Seely, D. W. (2015). Microstructural Features and Mechanical Properties of 316L Stainless Steel Fabricated by Laser Additive Manufacture. 56th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials. Kissimmee, FL.

Yadollahi, A., Seely, D. W., Patton, B., Shamsaei, N., & Thompson, S.M. (2015). Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of LENS-Produced AISI 316L Stainless Steel. 56th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference. Kissimmee, FL: AIAA. DOI:10.2514/6.2015-1355.

Lugo, M., Pegues, J. W., & Shamsaei, N. (2014). Investigation of Cyclic Behavior and Structure-property Relations of a 304 Stainless Steel. 56th AIAA/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference. Kissimmee, FL: AIAA. DOI:10.2514/6.2015-1359. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Eshraghi, M., Tschopp, M. A., Zaaem, M. A., & Felicelli, S. D. (2013). A Parametric Study of Resistance Spot Welding of a Dual-phase Steel Using Finite Element Analysis. 8th Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing. Hawaii.

Wang, L., Felicelli, S. D., Lett, R., Coleman, J., Johnson, E., Tamminger, K., & Waid, M. (2012). Microstructure and Mechanical Properties Comparison of Electron Beam and Laser Engineered Net Shaping Deposits of AISI 316L Stainless Steel. Proceedings of 2012 Materials Science & Technology Conference & Exhibition. Pittsburgh, PA.

Kim, S., Kim, S., & Horstemeyer, M. (2011). Vanadium Effects on a BCC Iron Sigma 3 Grain Boundary Strength. Proceedings of the 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. San Diego, CA. [Abstract]

Stone, T.W., Hammi, Y., Carino, R.L., & Horstemeyer, M. (2009). Modeling for Powder Metallurgy Component Design and Performance Prediction. Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials. Las Vegas, NV: MPIF. [Abstract]

Wang, L., Felicelli, S. D., Bammann, D., & Hubbard, C. R. (2009). Computational and Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in Resistance Spot Welding. International Conference WELDS 2009. Fort Myers, FL . [Abstract]

Zhang, H., Heaney, D. F., & German, R. (2007). Effect of Carbide Addition on Sintering of M2 Tool Steel. PIM Compilation III: Secondary Processing and Material Properties. Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ.

Potirniche, G., Middleton, J., Gomez, R., Bain, B., El Kadiri, H., Rhee, H., Williams, T. N., Wang, P., & Horstemeyer, M. (2007). A Study of Monotonic and Cyclic Properties of Lens Fabricated 4140 and AISI 4140 Steel Alloys. Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division Symposium. Orlando, Fl.

Wang, L., & Beckermann, C. (2005). Prediction of Reoxidation Inclusion Composition in Casting of Steel. Proceedings of the 59th Technical and Operating Conference, SFSA. Chicago, IL. [Document]

Blaine, D. C., Garg, P., & German, R. (2005). Master Sintering Curve for a Two-Phase Material. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Science. Technology and Applications of Sintering. 264-267. [Abstract] [Document]

Enneti, R. K., Atre, S. V., & German, R. (2005). Innovative Process to Die Compact Injection Molding Powders. Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 3.53-3.61. [Abstract] [Document]

Blaine, D. C., Park, S. J., German, R., LaSalle, J., & Nandi, H. (2005). Verifying the Master Sintering Curve on an Industrial Furnace. Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 1.13-1.19. [Abstract] [Document]

Park, S. J., Chung, S. H., Blaine, D., Suri, P., & German, R. (2004). Master Sintering Curve Construction Software and Its Applications. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2004, Part 1. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 13-24. [Abstract] [Document]

German, R., Myers, N., Mueller, T., Sethi, G., & Enneti, R. K. (2004). An Analysis of Approaches to High-Performance Powder Metallurgy,. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2004, Part 3. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 76-88. [Abstract] [Document]

German, R., & Blaine, D. (2004). Production Cost Sensitivity Analysis for Metal Powder Injection Molding. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2004, Part 4. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 1-10. [Abstract] [Document]

Johnson, J. L., Tan, L. K., Suri, P., & German, R. (2004). Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Resistance of MIM Ni-Base Superalloys. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2004, Part 4. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 89-101. [Abstract] [Document]

Myers, N., & German, R. (2004). Sinter-Brazing of Carbides to P/M Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2004, Part 8. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 73-82. [Abstract] [Document]

German, R. (2004). Green Body Homogeneity Effects on Sintered Tolerances. Proceedings PM2004 Powder Metallurgy World Congress (Vienna, Austria) . Shrewsbury, UK: European Powder Metallurgy Association. 5, 475-480. [Abstract] [Document]

Bollina, R., & German, R. (2004). Supersolidus Sintering of Boron Doped Stainless Steel Powder Compacts. Proceedings PM2004 Powder Metallurgy World Congress (Vienna, Austria). Shrewsbury, UK: European Powder Metallurgy Association. 3, 335-342. [Abstract] [Document]

Bollina, R., & German, R. (2004). In Situ Evaluation of Viscosity During Sintering of Boron Doped Stainless Steel Using Bending Beam Technique. Proceedings PM2004 Powder Metallurgy World Congress (Vienna, Austria). Shrewsbury, UK: European Powder Metallurgy Association. 2, 196-202. [Abstract] [Document]

Koseski, R. P., Suri, P., Erhardt, N. B., German, R., & Kwon, Y. S. (2003). Microstructural Evolution of Injection Molded Gas and Water Atomized 316L Stainless Steel Powder During Sintering. Proceedings Sintering 2003, R. G. Cornwall, R. M. German, and G. L. Messing (eds), Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. [Abstract] [Document]

Blaine, D. C., Wu, Y., Schlaefer, C. E., Marx, B., & German, R. (2003). Sintering Shrinkage and Microstructure Evolution during Densification of a Martensitic Stainless Steel. Proceedings Sintering 2003, R. G. Cornwall, R. M. German, and G. L. Messing (eds), Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. [Abstract] [Document]

Johnson, J. L., Tan, L. K., Bollina, R., Suri, P., & German, R. (2003). Bi-Metal Injection Molding of Tough/Wear-Resistant Components. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2003, Part 8, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 262-272. [Abstract] [Document]

German, R. (2002). Protocol for Developing Sintering Cycles for Difficult Materials. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2002, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 13.245-13.[Abstract] [Document]

Zauner, R., Heaney, D. F., Piemme, J. C., Binet, C., & German, R. (2002). The Effect of Powder Loading on Dimensional Variability in PIM. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2002, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 10.315-10.[Abstract] [Document]

Blaine, D. C., & German, R. (2002). Simulation of PIM Stainless Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2002, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. .255-10.26. [Abstract] [Document]

Zauner, R., Heaney, D. F., Piemme, J. C., Binet, C., & German, R. (2002). The Effect of Powder Type and Powder Size on Dimensional Variability in PIM. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2002, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 10.191-10.[Abstract] [Document]

Zhang, R., Engel, R. S., Salamon, N. J., & German, R. (2002). Finite Element Analysis of the Sintering of Stainless Steel 316L Powder Compacts. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2002, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 9.60-9.68. [Abstract] [Document]

Myers, N., Enneti, R. K., Campbell, L., & German, R. (2002). Effect of Chemistry Variations on Dimensional Control of 316L Stainless Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2002, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 7.127-7.13. [Abstract] [Document]

Enneti, R. K., Myers, N., & German, R. (2002). Braze and Carbide Interactions. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2002, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 6.110-6.11. [Abstract] [Document]

Heaney, D. F., & German, R. (2001). Porous Stainless Steel Parts Using Selective Laser Sintering. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2001, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 8.73-8.83. [Document]

Zhang, H., Heaney, D. F., & German, R. (2001). Effect of Carbide Addition on Sintering of M2 Tool Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2001, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 4.166-4.4.[Document]

Meyers, N., Suri, P., & German, R. (2000). High Density P/M Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2000, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 6.63-6.68. [Document]

Smith, D. C., Toghiani, H., Smith, L. N., German, R., & Garg, D. (1999). Impact of Variations in Sintering Atmosphere on Stainless Steel Properties. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 1999, vol. 1, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ. 3.45-3.55.

Horstemeyer, M. (1992). Damage of HY100 Steel Plates from Oblique Constrained Blast Waves. Advances in Local Fracture/Damage Models for the Analysis of Engineering Problems. Tempe, AZ.

Meyers, N. S., Weaver, T., Lal, A., & German, R. (). Supersolidus Liquid Phase Sintering of PIM M2 Tool Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials . Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 3, 12.19-12.3.

Zhang, H., German, R., Hens, K. F., & Lee, D. (). Processing and the Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Fe-2%Ni Steels. In E. R. Andreotti and P. J. McGeehan (Eds.), Advances in Powder Metallurgy. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 3, 437-453.

Sivaraman, K., Griffo, A., & German, R. (). Novel Sinterbonding Process to Coat Boride Cermets onto Steel Substrates for Wear Resistant Applications. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials . Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 14.159-14.

Fox, R. T., Lee, D., Bulger, M. K., & German, R. (). Evaluation of Injection Molded Stainless Steel Powders. In E. R. Andreotti and P. J. McGeehan (Eds.), Advances in Powder Metallurgy. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 3, 359-373.

Meyers, N., & German, R. (). Supersolidus Liquid Phase Sintering of Injection Molded M2 Tool Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials . Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 18.77-18.9.

Lograsso, B. K., & German, R. (). Liquid Phase Sintered Titanium Carbide - Tool Steel Composites for High Temperature Service. Progress in Powder Metallurgy. 43, 415-439.

Sivaraman, K., German, R., & Takagi, K. I. (). Full Density Boride Coatings Sintered onto Steel Substrates. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials . Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 9.117-9.12.

Lei, G., German, R., & Nayar, H. S. (). Corrosion Control in Sintered Austenitic Stainless Steels. Progress in Powder Metallurgy. 39, 391.

Degoix, C. N., Griffo, A., & German, R. (). Optimization of Sintering Parameters of High-Strength Low Alloy Steels. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 11.277-11.

Nayar, H. S., German, R., & Johnson, W. R. (). The Effect of Sintering on the Corrosion Resistance of 316L Stainless Steel. Progress in Powder Metallurgy. 37, 255.

Cai, L., & German, R. (). Powder Injection Molding Using Water-Atomized 316L Stainless Steel. International Journal of Powder Metallurgy. 31, 257-264.

Smugeresky, J. E., & German, R. (). Maraging Steels Consolidated by Hot Isostatic Pressing. Progress in Powder Metallurgy. 34, 69.

Cai, L., & German, R. (). Comparing Water-Atomized Powder with Gas-Atomized Powder of 316L Stainless Steel via Powder Injection Molding. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 4, 157-170.

White, G. R., & German, R. (). Effect of Process Conditions on the Dimensional Control of Powder Injection Molded 316L Stainless Steel. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 4, 185-196.

White, G. R., & German, R. (). Dimensional Control of Powder Injection Molded 316L Stainless Steel Using In Situ Modeling Correction. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 5, 121-132.

Toennes, C., Ernst, P., Meyer, G., & German, R. (). Full Density Sintering by Boron Additions in a Martensitic Stainless Steel. In J. M. Capus and R. M. German (Eds.), Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 3, 371-381.

Phillips, M. A., Streicher, E. L., Renowden, M., German, R., & Friedt, J. M. (). Atmosphere Process for the Control of the Carbon and Oxygen Contents of Injection Molded Steel Parts During Debinding. In P. Booker, J. Gaspervich, and R. M. German (Eds.), Powder Injection Molding Symposium - 1992. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 371-384.

Zhang, H., & German, R. (). Powder Injection Molding of 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. In P. Booker, J. Gaspervich, and R. M. German (Eds.), Powder Injection Molding Symposium - 1992. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 219-227.

Miura, H., Honda, T., Hens, K. F., & German, R. (). High Performance 4600 Steels by Injection Molding. In P. Booker, J. Gaspervich, and R. M. German (Eds.), Powder Injection Molding Symposium - 1992. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 203-217.

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Hens, K. F., White, G., & German, R. (). Quality Issues for Injection Molded High Performance Steels. In P. Booker, J. Gaspervich, and R. M. German (Eds.), Powder Injection Molding Symposium - 1992. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 169-180.

Weaver, T. J., & German, R. (). Steel Rapid Tooling Via Powder Metallurgy. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 2, 6.15-6.24.

Streicher, E., Renowden, M., & German, R. (). Atmosphere Role in Thermal Processing of Injection Molded Steel. In L. F. Pease and R. J. Sansoucy (Eds.), Advances in Powder Metallurgy -1991. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 2, 141-158.

German, R. (). A Rationalization of the Powder Injection Molding Process for Stainless Steels Based on Component Features. Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 2, 5.71-5.83.

Zhang, H., & German, R. (). Structural Development During Sintering of Injection Molded Fe-2Ni Steel. In L. F. Pease and R. J. Sansoucy (Eds.), Advances in Powder Metallurgy -1991. Princeton, NJ: Metal Powder Industries Federation. 2, 181-193.

Pascu, A., Xue, Y. "., Smelser, N., Wang, L., Wang, P., & Horstemeyer, M. (2008). Cyclic-hardening and Fatigue Behavior of LENS Processed Metal. ASME 2008 International Mechanical Congress and Exposition (IMECE). Sheraton Boston Hotel, Boston, Massachusetts, United States: ASME. [Abstract]

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Horstemeyer, M., & Ramaswamy, (2000). On Factors Affecting Localization and Void Growth in Ductile Metals: A Parametric Study. International Journal of Damage Mechanics. SAGE Publications Ltd. 9(1), 6-28. [Abstract]

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