Design Optimization with Multi-physics Analysis on External Rotor Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motors
Bonthu, S., Choi, S., & Beak, J. (2018). Design Optimization with Multi-physics Analysis on External Rotor Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motors. IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion. 33, 290 - 298.
Multiphase permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance motor (PMa-SynRM) is proposed as one of the optimal machine designs for vehicular applications such as electric vehicles due to their fault tolerant operation capability. However, optimization of the multiphase PMa-SynRMs for in-wheel applications in EVs and aircrafts require more research efforts to increase their power density with the size constraint. In addition, optimization of the machine design with multiphysics structural and thermal analysis has not been intensively discussed in the literature. In this paper, an optimal design procedure which includes multiphysics analysis to design the multiphase external rotor PMa-SynRMs is presented. In specific, a five-phase external rotor PMa-SynRM with neodymium-based magnets has been proposed as a solution to produce higher power density compared to the conventional internal rotor PMa-SynRMs. Multiphysics analysis is included in the optimization procedure to determine the effects due to rotational forces and heat flow on the proposed optimal five-phase external rotor PMa-SynRM design. Detailed electromagnetic finite element simulations are carried out to depict the performance characteristics. A 3.8-kW prototype is fabricated and the experimental results are compared with same volume 3-kW five-phase internal rotor PMa-SynRM.